The importance of the law courts in ensuring national unity and fairness cannot be underestimated. However, there is so much that a legal court can do, especially regarding global contracts. The suspicion that a law court may not always offer fast, effective and transparent judgments needed for settling a dispute is the reason for international commercial arbitration.
Since its acceptance by foreign investors and international companies as a dispute resolution mechanism, international commercial arbitration has continued to unite the interests of businesses of different entities. In today’s world, international commercial arbitration remains the most sought-after form of resolving the dispute and even dominates national domestic courts in this area.
The friendliness between the system and the law courts has only made it more appealing. However, why has international commercial arbitration become the cliché? Why does it stand out, and what are the chances that its dominance will continue? This piece will highlight all investors need to know.
The Limitations and Boundaries for Law Courts
While nations’ law courts continue to stand out as the emperor of their jurisdictions when it comes to implementing laws, their powers end there. Law courts are heavily limited and cannot force the hands of other states to enforce certain economic decisions.
When foreign investors come together for economic and business purposes and disputes arise, using a law court to resolve the issues may not yield much fruit. Firstly, the Court’s decision will only be effective in the state where it is based, which means any investor can easily seek to stop its operations in that state to avoid sanctions.
Also, in a situation where an investor may seek to claim damages against the government of a host state, the Court where the investment is being made will be in charge of final rulings. In most instances, the law court is extremely likely to tit the case in favor of its government.
The biggest bane of law courts on international economic issues is their limitation to state jurisdiction, and as such, they will never be the most suitable legal system for solving international disputes.
Arbitration can serve as a global dispute solution tool withThe arbitral clause enforces the arbitration laws and is the most important part of the arbitration process. Choosing the right arbitral clause allows disputing parties the ability to pursue damage settlement and dispute resolution whenever either of them has grievances.
There are different arbitral clauses, and the first rule to picking the right one is choosing the treaty representing their different states. The agreement and conditions of the clause must also be clearly drafted to avoid ambiguity as much as possible.
The right arbitral clauses
The Arbitration Laws
All the reasons that make the law court unsuited for global harmonization are what make international commercial arbitration stand out. The major law that makes international commercial arbitration a global dispute resolution is the New York Convention of 1958. This law, which emphasizes the need for legal reciprocity between arbitrating member states, gives the system an edge over the law court.
The New York Convention rules push for transparency, fairness and neutrality. It encourages disputing entities bound by an arbitral clause to be given a chance at a fair hearing and holds arbitrators responsible for ethical practices. One hundred and fifty-six out of one hundred and ninety-five states are members of this convention and are bound to enforce any award issued for could face possible sabotage from most foreign investors.
The Arbitration Procedure
One of the standout factors of international commercial arbitration is its procedure. Unlike State law courts built on common law or civil law that must be followed to the core, disputing parties in arbitration have a choice. They can choose how they want their arbitral process to go and can even choose to employ a hybrid of civil and common law dependent on the agreed clause.
The ability for investors and international business entities to choose their procedure is to increase the speed at which the haring and award is being given. It also encourages transparency and neutrality and reduces the risk of disgruntled people that could come up once an award is issued.
Emphasis on Ethics
There is a serious emphasis on ethics for international commercial arbitration. Once an award is issued via international arbitration, it is almost impossible to overturn it except for a majorly unethical issue.
The major emphasis on ethics includes the compulsory Arbitrator disclosure.
Arbitrator disclosure is the ethical act of an arbitrator letting a tribunal know that he has a relationship with any of the disputing parties. The tribunal will decide if the arbitrator is fit for the case and if the investigation is negative, the arbitrator will have to be dropped. An Arbitrator who does not disclose former relationships with a client can trigger the rejection of an award.
There are also ethical concerns regarding third-party funding, evidence gathering, and privacy. These factors are expected to be followed by the latter for a neutral and fair arbitration process.
International commercial arbitration is the most globalized dispute resolution mechanism in recent times. From all indications, it is likely to remain so, so understanding it and its processes cannot be overlooked. The system is already in its mature stage, which is something that many people can look forward to as dispute resolution in the economic space can be delicate.